Vučedol residents supplemented their basic nutritional input from herding by hunting varying quantities of game animals.
Deer and wild boar were most commonly taken. Hunting was easiest at the edges of swamps and forests since one could approach the animals with a bow and arrow or a spear. Refuse pits also contain bones from birds, mostly swamp dwellers: geese, bean geese, wild ducks, pochard (diving) ducks, cranes and pelicans. In one pit the bones of beavers were found.
Fishing was particularly important and well represented in food. Since the Danube is a powerful river with rapid currents, most fishing was done in its branches where the fish stayed to spawn. Blocking the channels between the islands with wickerwork, nets and fishtraps yielded a rich catch. The main tools were harpoons made from the tips or branches of deer antlers. Finds of shells and water snails in refuse pits show that these were used as bait for fish, since they themselves are not edible.
Most often caught were carp, catfish and pike, and Vučedol food also included trout. Large concentrations of fish scales are found in refuse pits and at the edges of settlements, indicating that fresh fish were prepared for drying, which required large quantities of salt.
Monoxylon boats aided safe navigation along the Danube as well as fishing. These are made from an oak-tree trunk by controlled burning and scraping out the burned parts. In the Ljubljana Marshes numerous boats and oars were dug up that belonged to the stilt-house Vučedol Culture layer. They are more than 7 meters long and almost a meter wide. They were preserved due to the constant moisture at that site.