Many preserved ceramic figurines depicting women let us reconstruct with precision the Vučedol Culture’s clothing. Clothes were made of leather, fur, wool, and linen, and dyed with plant dyes.
Fabrics were woven on vertical looms, as shown by finds of clay loom-weights. Each thread at the bottom of the loom was tied to a ceramic weight to hold it taut. All the weights on a loom must weigh the same, which was most easily achieved by making them from the same clay form. Flat ceramic weights served as whorls (flywheels) on a spindle for winding up yarn after spinning wool or linen threads. We also find ceramic reels on which the spun yarn was wound, and bone needles.
On house floors one may find a string of 5 or 6 weights, allowing us to reconstruct the breadth of the fabric: 26.5 to 27 cm. Larger numbers of identical weights (up to 15) are sometimes found on floors of burned houses, leading us to conclude that fabrics could have been as wide as 80 cm. This also confirms the use of the ‘Vučedol foot’ as a measurement; if one foot is 27 cm, three make ca. 80. Up until modern times the standard traditional width of fabrics woven on a horizontal loom has been 80 cm.
Muzej vučedolske kulture 2021. Sva prava pridržana.