The wide range of tools found shows the needs of the Vučedol Culture to improve herding, agriculture, hunting and fishing, weaving, making leather shoes and clothing, and pottery. Apart from handstones and millstones, there are many whetstones; stone axes with holes for handles; chisels; and mallets. Many chipped flint nuclei and their chips, or microliths, also confirm intensive craft activity. Bone tools included hoes from horn having a hole for a handle, as well as needles, awls, spatulas, multipurpose bone items, arrows, harpoons, and fishhooks.
Horns and thick animal bones display the first traces of sawing, and are the first attestation of saws anywhere. No saw has been found as yet in Vučedol Culture layers, nor elsewhere in the contemporary world, but one has been unearthed at Vučedol in a younger layer.
As ceramic figurines permit reconstruction of Vučedol clothing, finds of ceramic models make it possible to reconstruct footwear. All finds show that shoes were made separately for left and right feet. Leather and furs were used. Vučedolians had leather sandals or simple peasant moccasins from soft leather, low and higher shoes, boots and fur boots. Often with rich decorations, these surely served as elements of the ethnic costume.
The most beautiful Vučedol boot model is made of sewn leather and is today’s “size 19” – the size of a one-year-old’s foot, when the child is taking his first unaided steps.
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