Traces of the life of the Vučedol Culture layer can be followed on raised locations in lowlands, on exposed positions near thoroughfares, in hilly and mountainous regions, and in swamps and caves.
On loess surfaces Vučedolians chose sites for settlements at the edges of steep ridges along rivers, and modified the other slopes near the settlement, making these steeper and less accessible. Houses in settlements in the original Slavonia and Srijem home region are compactly spaced, sometimes less than a meter apart or even touching each other. The houses were originally placed in parallel circular rows, but since a fire starting in one house could easily spread to others, frequent rebuilding later disturbed their placement. Newly built houses sought to follow the placement of the previous ones, but were turned slightly so that the stakes holding the structure could be driven into new holes. In Vučedol we see as many as six levels of rebuilt house floors.
The Vučedol settlement took up an area of 45,000 square meters, and is estimated to have had some 2000 inhabitants, making it a metropolis for the Eneolithic period, analogous to today’s London or Paris. Vučedol consisted of three raised plateaus, two of which were for dwellings, while the smaller, separate plateau Gradac was the metallurgical and cultic center of the settlement.
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